香港噴塗機械工業有限公司

  HONG KONG SPRAYING AND MACHINERY INDUSTRIAL CO. LTD.              

  

 

 

 

   PRODUCT
   PRETREATMENT

    SPRAY BOOTH

   FRAME SPRAY BOOTH

   CLEAN ROOM

    OVEN

   OVERHEAD CONVEYOR

   FLAT & MESH CONVEYOR


  COLUMN & CHAIN    

       CONVEYOR


   POWDER COATING

   SPRAY ROBOT

   CONVEYOR

 

HONG KONG OFFICE
Address: No 7-8, 11/F Block A, Vigor Industrial Building, 14-20 Cheung Tat Road, Tsing Yi
 
 Tel:  24317981
 Fax: 24320126
 
 E-mail: sales@hkspraying.com.hk
 
       PRODUCT            CONTACT              中文

 

           OVEN  

 

 

METHODS FOR CURING 

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 AIR DRYING 
 

 

PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION

Paints get cured under room temperature as

1. volatile thinner evaporates and paints become dried

2. dry thinner oxides as a film by oxidizing polymers

3. hardening paints get hardened by hardeners in paints

 

DRAWBACK

a. high humidity makes violate thinners harder to evaporate and poor paint film quality is resulted (discoloured or dusty paint film). Air-conditioners and dust filtering system are required to improve paint film quality.

b. high room temperature can make paints easier to evaporate, less dust on paint film but poor flash-off 

 

 

 

 CURING BY HEATING
 

 

Curing oven can be divided into 3 types

1. Low temperature oven

oven temperature: <100℃, it is used to speed up the curing time of self-cured paints

2. Medium temperature oven

oven temperature: 100-150, it is used to cure paints that require condensation reaction or polymerization

oven temperature should not be >150℃, otherwise, coating will get yellowing and brittle

3. High temperature oven

oven temperature: >150, it is used for powder coating or electrophoretic coating

 

 

 

  

  HEATING METHODS FOR CURING OVEN

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 CONDUCTION & CONVENTION HEATING (HOT AIR OVEN)
 

 

 

PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION

Heating with gas or liquid to:

1. by conduction: transfer heat from the heating tubes to the paint substrates with gas or diesel

2.  by conduction & convention: transfer heated gas to the paint substrates 

      

ADVANTAGE

Hot gas circulates evenly in the oven to

a.  make objects evenly cured, even for objects with recessed areas

b. speed up paints volatile

 

DISADVANTAGE

a. Hot gas oven heats up objects from outside to inside, which results in: low rising temperature, low heat transfer efficiency, high power consumption, long oven size, high dust prevention requirement

b. (outside) coating cures first than the inside part so pimples or bubble marks will easily deposit on the coating surface

 

 

 

 STATIC OVEN & TUNNEL OVEN  
 

 

 

1. Heating by convention "horizontal hot air circulation" & equipped with "interlock hot air supply" to avoid the risk of sudden temperature rise

2. Oven temperature: ambient to 220, thermostatic, self-timing with explosion proof window

3. Perfect insulation: oven outside temperature is less than 40℃, so heat loss can be minimized

4. Control panel composed of: master switch, thermostatic, automatic drying timer with alarm, indication lights and explosion-proof window

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 RADIATION HEATING (INFRARED OVEN ) 
 

 

 

3 WAVELENGTHS OF INFRARED OVEN

1. Near infrared (short wave):

wavelength:  0.75-2.5μm

radiator temperature: 2000-2200℃

radiation efficiency: high

 

2. Medium infrared (medium wave):

wavelength:  2.6-4.0μm

radiator temperature: 800-900℃

radiation efficiency: medium

 

3. Far infrared (long wave):

wavelength:  >4.0μm

radiator temperature: 400-600℃

radiation efficiency: low 

 

 

 

 CURING PRINCIPLE   
 

 

1. when the wavelengths of infrared match with that of the vibration of paint molecules, paint molecules can absorb the infrared and the paint will be cured, otherwise, the objected can only be heated and cured by the evaporation of thinner inside

2. as the  wavelengths of the vibration of paint or water molecules is normally >4.0μm, we need to heat up the inner part of the object by near infrared (short wave) and cure the coating by far infrared (long wave)

3. distance between the infrared reflector and the object should be 120-300mm, otherwise radiation efficiency will be adversely affected

 

     

 

 

  ADVANTAGE
 

 

 

As object is cured from inner to outside coating by infrared oven which means the object and coating is heated at the same time which will result in a

a. higher rising temperature, higher heat transfer efficiency, lower power consumption

b. faster thinner evaporation, better coating quality, shorter oven size, lower dust prevention requirement

 

 

 

 

 DISADVANTAGE  
 

 

 

 

1. uneven oven temperature in infrared oven means different curing speed for objects with different shapes; so infrared lamp panel is more suitable for objects with different shapes

 

2. as water molecules can absorb infrared, blower is required to blow away water molecules in order to speed up thinner evaporation

 

 

 

 

 

  DIFFERENT INFRARED CERAMIC HEATERS

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 Infrared heating plate
 

 

 

 

1. radiant ray is parallel to its horizontal ray and diffusion ray, this plane is suitable to cure plane objects because of even heat distribution

2. poor heat transfer on the back of the heating plate

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Infrared heating lamp
     

a. is less affected by radiant distance, smallest temperature difference for radiant distance of 200-600mm, so it is suitable for complex objects with different sizes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Infrared heating tube
 

 

 

 

a. made of ceramics, insulation layer  in the middle, outside coated with far infrared coating

b. as this tube has thin heating layer and does not have resistance wire, heat distribution can be even  and there is no visual light loss which can ultimately improve the heat transfer 

 

 

  MIX OF HOT AIR & INFRARED OVEN 

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 PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION 
 

 

 

To let thinner out by infrared heating and to keep even oven temperature by  hot air convection  heating

 

a. as metal can absorb radiant heat energy from infrared heating, therefore, in order to speed up the heating effect, we can get higher oven temperature (above 300 ℃) and shorter oven tunnel at the same time

 

b. this oven can maintain a stable oven temperature as there is an air insulation layer in the middle to guarantee the oven outside temperature is less than 40 ℃ - a good way to minimize heat loss and energy saving

 

c. each section of our tunnel oven is checked with Oven Tracker -  to maintain stable oven temperature before delivery 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ADVANTAGE 
 

 

 

have advantages of both infrared heating and hot air heating:

1. advantage of infrared heating

a. fast oven rising temperature

b. good coating quality

 

2. advantage of hot air heating

a. even oven temperature: even curing speed for objects of different size

b. fast thinner evaporation

 

 

  UV OVEN

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 ADVANTAGE 
 

 

 

to cure objects by UV lamps

a. short curing time: ideal for paper, plastics or wood coating

b. low oven temperature for curing

 

 

 
 DISADVANTAGE   
 

 

 

a. short diffusion distances

b. only suitable for simple objects

 

   

  全自動眼鏡架噴漆機

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 運作原理 

 

 

 

本噴漆機利用 "負空氣壓力" 原理清洗漆氣,能吸引過噴漆氣與水混合, 迫使水缸內之水產生 "龍捲風" 效果來徹底清洗漆油廢氣,讓廢漆留於水缸內,被分離之空氣則排出室外, 所以完全適合任何繁重之眼鏡架噴漆應用.

 

 

 

 優點
  本噴漆機符合香港勞工處規定的廢漆最高可排放量標準 (OEL), 因而成為眼鏡架噴漆界指定使用的噴漆機.

 

       
 

 

     

 

 

 

  塑膠或金屬眼鏡架噴漆機

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 過濾原理 
  1. 鏡框旋轉角度, 噴槍搖擺角度及噴漆次數均可自由調校, 保証漆膜均勻

2. 全機採用不袗製造

3. 配備自動氣噴槍, 生產效率高, 每小時產量達 80 串鏡框

4. 可噴塗細小五金塑膠零件及錶殼

 

 

 

 

 

  金屬眼鏡架噴漆機

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 優點 
 

1. 鏡框旋轉角度可自由調校, 噴槍搖擺角度及噴漆次數均可自由調校, 保証漆膜均勻 

 

2. 可選用自動氣噴漆槍或自動靜電噴漆槍, 生產效率高, 每小時產量達 80 串鏡框

 

3. 可噴塗細小五金塑膠零件及錶殼

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

  眼鏡架流平機

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1. 眼鏡架噴漆後未入焗爐前須於流平機內旋轉以保持鏡框面油漆光滑亮麗

2. 可同時擺放 10 串鏡框

3. 迴轉角度, 方向及時間均可自由調校

 

 

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

廢氣測試符合英國,香港及中國國家標準

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 英國 OES 標準
 

 

1. 第一個廢氣樣本於本廠標準噴柜抽取

2. 第二個廢氣樣本於赤立角機場噴柜抽取

  COMPONENT

VOC  

 OES Limit  Sampling with standard    Water-Wash Spray Booth    (Shenzhen: 7/1/98)

Sampling with Specially made   Water-Wash Spray Booth  (Chek Lap Kok:30/7/98)

Isopropyl alcohol

 

400ppm  <0.1ppm <0.1ppm

n-butyl alcohol

 

50ppm <0.1ppm <0.1ppm

Ethanol

 

200ppm

 

 0.5ppm

 

<0.1ppm
Methylethyl ketone 1000ppm 6.8ppm 2.8ppm
Phosphoric acid 1mg/m3  0.2mg/m3 <0.05mg/m3

 

Conclusion

The concentrations of five different parameters in the paint mist were measured at Shenzhen (7-1-98) and Chek Lap Kok (30-7-98) respectively and the results are presented. It is concluded that the VOC (including Isopropyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, Ethanol, Methylethyl ketone) and Phosphoric acid arepresent in an insignificant amount and within the OES limit.

 

 

A note on the quoted OES listed in the above table

The full name of OES is Occupational Exposure Standard and it is a concentration of an specific airborne Substance averaged over a reference period at which there is currently no evidence that repeated or day after day exposure by inhalation, will be injurious to the Health of employees. The OES’s should not be exceeded but if this does occur, effective measure should be taken to reduce the exposure as soon as practicable.

The OES quoted here is based on the EH40 which is a part of The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) regulations established by the Health and Safety Executive of UK. 

The objective of this regulation is to prevent disease at workplace due to exposure of hazardous substances.

 

 

 

 

 香港 OEL 標準
 

 

 

 中國國家標準 GB/T 16157-1996